MOOD STABILZERS FOR MANIA & HYPOMANIA
Mood stabilizers are the main treatment available for mania and hypomania. The first mood stabilizer to be used was lithium, and it is the only drug that was developed specifically for use in bipolar disorder. Today it is still mostly prescribed for bipolar patients, although it may be added to antidepressants for patients who suffer from clinical depression (no mania symptoms).
Most the other drugs classified as mood stabilizers are medications that were first used to treat seizure disorders, such as epilepsy. They are known as “anticonvulsants,” since they are designed to inhibit or reduce the frequency of seizures. Interestingly, they also help stabilize mood swings.
Finally, some heart-related medications called calcium channel blockers are being studied for use in treating bipolar disorder as mood stabilizers.
Some of these drugs also have a positive effect on depression, but their primary purpose is to reduce the frequency and severity of mania and hypomania.